Lasers made their debut in dentistry almost five decades ago when an American physicist developed the first laser and exposed an already extracted tooth to it. The results sparked an interest in researching different ways to incorporate this light emitting devise in dental treatments. Over the passage of time, scientists have been able to create lasers that are smaller and better suited for a variety of dental treatments.
The various uses:
Here are some dental problems that can be treated by the use of lasers:
- Gum disease. Lasers are utilized to remove bacteria or reshape gums during root canal treatments.
- Tooth decay. Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation can be used to get rid of tooth decay and prepare the enamel for filling. The radiation can also be utilized to harden or "cure" a filling.
- Biopsy. Laser can be used to take out small fragments of tissue for the purpose of examination.
- Teeth whitening. Lasers can accelerate teeth whitening. Several bleaching solutions, coated on the tooth surface, are ''activated" by laser to achieve the desired whitening results quickly.
- Lesion removal: These light emitting devises are also used to get rid of lesions inside the mouth and to lessen the pain produced by canker sores.
How do lasers work in dentistry?
These devises work by emitting light energy. When used for dental and surgical treatments, they act as tissue vaporizers or cutting instruments. When utilized for the purpose of "curing" a filling, lasers help in strengthening the bond between the tooth and the filling. Apart from this, lasers can also generate heat to increase the effect of bleaching agents.
There are different kinds of lasers that can be found in dental clinics, including lasers for gum resurfacing, Argon lasers to cure fillings and carbon dioxide lasers to perform oral surgery.
Pros of using lasers:
In comparison to traditional dental tools, dental lasers:
- Cause less pain in some procedures, in turn reducing the need for anesthesia
- Help reduce nervousness in people who are scared of dental drills
- Reduce swelling and bleeding during treatment of soft tissues
- Preserve the healthy part of the tooth during the process of cavity removal
Lasers are being used for almost a century to treat a variety of dental problems. Yet, in spite of FDA approval, these devises have not received acceptance from American Dental Association (ADA). The ADA, however, affirms that it is carefully optimistic about the role of laser in the field of dental technology.
While the future for lasers in dentistry looks bright, for now, you must continue to do your own research before choosing this form of treatment. In fact, when it comes to taking the final call, it is best to discuss the pros and cons with your dentist. California boasts of a swarm of dental-laser treatment clinics that offer comprehensive consultation to potential clients. It is best to discuss your options with a professional to make sure you take the right decision.